The Karachi agreement is a historic accord signed on April 28, 1949, between the Governments of Pakistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), which is also known as Azad Kashmir. The agreement paved the way for the establishment of the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Government and the subsequent merger of the state with Pakistan.
The agreement was signed by Sardar Ibrahim Khan, the then President of Azad Kashmir, and Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, the then Prime Minister of Pakistan. The agreement formalized the relationship between Pakistan and Azad Kashmir, under which the latter became a self-governing entity with its own constitution, legislature, and judiciary, but still remained a part of Pakistan.
The Karachi Agreement was a significant moment in the history of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir, as it marked the consolidation of Pakistan`s control over the disputed region. It also provided a legal framework for the governance of Azad Kashmir, which was previously governed by the Azad Kashmir Council.
The agreement helped in addressing the long-standing demand of the people of Azad Kashmir for a separate entity, distinct from the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir. It granted Azad Kashmir a measure of autonomy, allowing it to manage its affairs without interference from Pakistan.
Moreover, the Karachi Agreement also provided a mechanism for the resolution of disputes between Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. The agreement stated that any differences or disputes between Pakistan and Azad Kashmir would be resolved through negotiations in good faith.
The Karachi Agreement remains a significant document in the history of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. It provides a legal basis for the governance of Azad Kashmir and ensures its integration with Pakistan. It is a symbol of the strong bond between the people of Azad Kashmir and Pakistan and reflects their shared aspirations for independence and self-determination.
In conclusion, the Karachi Agreement is a milestone in the history of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. It provided a legal framework for the governance of Azad Kashmir, granted it a measure of autonomy, and ensured its integration with Pakistan. The agreement remains relevant today, as both Pakistan and Azad Kashmir continue to face challenges in the region.